Recent Storm Damage Posts

Is Your Hotel Prepared For Storm Damage?

4/12/2021 (Permalink)

Your hotel business can be adversely affected by storm damages due to high winds, excessive rainfall, and tornadoes, and the repairs after this kind of weather can mean losses to any business owner.

Preparing your hotel for the stormy seasons and possible flooding ahead of time will mean a quicker recovery; preventive measures reduce the number of issues from storm damages your business will experience as well as the amount of time it will take to bring your operations back to normal.

Here are some ways in which you can prepare your hotel for storm damage:


One factor that can go a long way towards preventing damages to your hotel from storms is going to be regular inspections and maintenance. Identifying trouble spots and planning ahead for the possibilities of a severe weather event will often lessen the severity of the damage. Some examples of areas to focus on:

  • Landscaping. If your hotel is surrounded by mature trees, keep them properly trimmed and healthy. 
  • Gutters. If your building has rain gutters, make sure they never become clogged with debris to avoid water damage and be sure to keep your parking and entries/exits free of obstructions so that people can get in or out quickly and remain safe. 
  • Roofing. The roofing of your hotel needs to be in the best shape possible to keep heavy rainfall from causing leaks and high winds from loosening shingles, vents, and other equipment. 

Employ a professional restoration company to inspect your property regularly. Replacing roofing, siding, or windows after a storm will be costly - both from a materials and labor standpoint and from lost business, so it’s just smart business to be prepared. SERVPRO is always here to help with storm preparedness as well as assisting with damage after the fact. 


Storm drains are in place to move excess water away from buildings and parking areas, and these areas need to be in good shape ahead of heavy rainfall. Your local government will sometimes be the responsible party in public thoroughfares, but keeping an eye on them around your property will allow you to be able to report a problem right away and to be ready for storms. Walkways, patios, and other guest areas also need to be set up for proper drainage. 


You are required by law to post emergency exit information for guests around your property and to keep that information up-to-date, of course. For the safety of your staff, you will want to make sure you have a system in place to communicate with them, as well,  so that they know what to do in case of an emergency. Listening to weather updates will keep everyone informed, and you’ll want to make sure you keep an emergency preparedness kit on-site in the event of accidents or if the power goes out and people are unable to leave your premises.  

Responding quickly to storm damages will get your hotel back in business right away, and our team here is here to help you 24 hours a day and 7 days a week. SERVPRO of North Nashville specializes in water damage, fire damage, storm damage, mold remediation, and clean-up projects of all sizes. We can get your home or business Certified: SERVPRO Cleaned, as well. This franchise is independently owned and operated.

Checking Storm Damage To Your Roof

2/22/2021 (Permalink)

Winter storms often cause roof damage from ice, snow, and heavy rains. Now that Spring is just around the corner and it’s getting warmer, you may want to make an inspection of your home or business to see if you incurred any damage during the winter months. The roofing of any building is most likely to have been affected, so make sure it’s on your list.

Inspect For Leaks

Inspect your attic interior for leaks or water damage - this is a great way to know if there is an issue above on the roof. Water stains appearing on your ceiling or walls will tell you that you likely need repairs or a roof replacement.

Look For Signs Of Storm Damage

Look for signs of storm damage from the ground. Check for missing shingles or missing pieces of metal fascia, including any metal pieces displaced from around your chimney. You will want to carefully assess the condition of exhaust pipes, valleys, outer edges or angles where the roof meets the walls, as well. Any gaps or missing pieces can allow water to drip down or soak into places that will create more problems. Loose shingles will be affected in high winds, so those will need to be re-attached or replaced as soon as you identify them. 

Hire A General Contractor

Fallen trees or large branches will be immediately apparent, of course. If that has occurred, stay out of your home until a professional can determine whether any structural damage occurred. You may need to hire a general contractor or roofer with a general contractor’s license if your home suffered structural damage; this may actually be something that is required by your insurance company. If the damage is really extensive, it may be necessary to obtain a permit, and a professional will know. 

If you need a professional consultation or repair work for your roof following stormy weather, don’t hesitate to contact us here at SERVPRO of North Nashville. We work with all major insurance companies and provide a full range of roofing services, and we have all the skills and equipment necessary to restore your roof to its full operational condition. We can get your home or business Certified: SERVPRO Cleaned, as well. This franchise is independently owned and operated.

Steps To Take After Storm Damage To Your Home

1/5/2021 (Permalink)

It’s the time of year we will be experiencing stormy weather here in Middle Tennessee, and any smart homeowner knows it’s best to be prepared. This isn’t just what you do before the storm comes, however - it is also having everything in place for the necessary repairs and cleanup projects just in case. Issues such as power losses, debris, and standing water can create challenges even after the storm has moved on and the safety of your home and loved ones can be affected. 

Below you will find some steps to take after storm damage to your home: 

Safety Measures

There may be a lot of debris, such as fallen branches or fences that have come down, that you will need to manage. Make sure to never operate machinery used in these areas while you are on your own, and wear protective eye- and head-gear while you are operating such machinery (such as chainsaws and chippers, for example). Take note of anyone who may be in the vicinity and be aware of your surroundings while you are operating such machinery and tools. If you have even the slightest uncertainty about clearing storm damage, wait for professional assistance.

If you have experienced flooding and if there is standing water in your home, keep people clear of this area. If it can be done safely, electricity in that part of the home should be shut off, but be sure to NEVER walk through standing water when electricity is engaged. It will be vital to get standing water removed as soon as possible to avoid contamination and mold. Professional cleanup companies can be onsite right away to handle damage after storms. 

If you have tree damage to your home or property, always make sure there are no power lines down nearby before you start any cleanup. If there are, wait until utility crews can remove them before beginning your cleanup.

Structure Assessment

The overall structure of your home should be professionally assessed if you have experienced storm damage. These professionals will check power sources, whether the home is leaning if wiring is exposed, and other unsafe conditions. 


If your property has sustained substantial damage, don’t clean up anything before your insurance company does an inspection. The damages may not be covered, otherwise; if you’re not sure, employ a professional who can do an inspection and give you an estimate for any repairs. 

Cleaning up after a major weather event can be challenging. Here at SERVPRO of North Nashville we can take care of these kinds of projects for both your home or business right away and get you back to normal. We handle storm, fire, and water damage, and mold remediation/prevention as well. We can also get your home or business Certified: SERVPRO Cleaned, too. We are available 24/7, so ask us how!

Preparing For Winter Storms

11/24/2020 (Permalink)

With winter right around the corner, it’s going to be a smart practice to ensure that both the exterior of your home or business and the surrounding landscaping are ready for the cold winds, snow, and ice that winter can bring us here in Middle Tennessee. Being prepared will mean lower energy costs, increased efficiency of your appliances and other components, and a high level of safety for loved ones, friends, and clientele.  

Here are some things to think about as you are preparing for winter storms: 

Windows and Doors. The windows and doors of your property are always a vulnerable spot during heavy weather of any kind, and winter is no exception. Some steps you can take are:

  • Check all weatherstripping and replace damaged items to avoid any loss of heat. 
  • Replace doors and windows with storm-proof versions.
  • Repair or replace wooden window frames if signs of rot or decay are evident. 
  • Caulk windows and doors inside and out to be sure there will be no drafts. 

Landscaping. This is an important area to consider ahead of bad weather; ice and high winds can turn any weak or dead tree branch into a dangerous thing:

  • Overgrown branches should be trimmed back from any building and its electrical wires. This guards against loss of power or property damage caused by icy or wind-blown branches during a storm. 
  • Clean and dry deck furniture and use a heavy covering if it is stored outdoors. You may want to store items like this indoors ahead of high winds or tornadic activity for safety.  
  • All your clay planters and pots won’t last well during winter, so empty them and bring them indoors. Now is the time to dig up your bulbs, remove the loose soil, and label them for spring. They should be kept in a bag or a box with peat moss in a cool and dry location until planting season. 
  • Make sure all outdoor pipes, valves, and sprinkler heads are drained to guard against burst pipes. Store them in a place where they won’t be destroyed by ice.  
  • Look for decay, insect damage, or splintering in your deck to prevent further deterioration, and clean away leaves and dirt from between the boards so that mold has nowhere to establish itself.

Fireplaces and HVAC. Your heating systems will need to be in the best condition possible ahead of the entire winter storm season: 

  • Inspect your fireplace, chimney, and flue system to ensure they are clean of soot or creosote and look for any cracks that could cause a fire hazard, and be aware of drafts. If you find a cold draft even when the damper is closed, the damper itself may be warped, worn, or rusted. You will want to fix this issue before winter storms. 
  • Clean or replace the air filter in your furnace for maximum efficiency and improved indoor air quality.
  • Check to make sure that all smoke alarms and carbon monoxide detectors are in working order.
  • If you have an older thermostat, consider replacing it with a programmable unit; this can often bring pretty large savings in energy costs during cold weather. 
  • Make sure fans are switched to the reverse or clockwise position, which will blow warm air down to the floor for enhanced energy efficiency and comfort. You will be warm and snug during any winter storm!

Always remember that the team here at SERVPRO of North Nashville is always here to lend a hand if you need help preparing your property for seasonal weather.  We are experts when it comes to recovery and repair from damage due to flooding, fire, or accidents, and our team has the expertise and skills necessary to complete your projects quickly and professionally. We can get your home or business Certified: SERVPRO Cleaned, too; ask us how!

How To Protect Your Belongings If Your Home Floods

10/6/2020 (Permalink)

One of the best ways to ensure that your loved ones and your belongings are protected from disaster is to establish a strategy for mitigation. The word mitigation means  “the effort to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters and other hazards.” And there is no time like the present to put a strategy in place that can save you time and money by lessening the impact of a disaster, and here at SERVPRO of North Nashville, we can help.

After fires, flooding is one of the most common hazards any homeowner may experience, so today we wanted to share a few steps you may want to include in your mitigation strategy. Putting these steps into practice, along with others you may come up with yourself, will help protect your belongings if your home floods:

  • Maintain your rain gutters and drains to keep them free of all debris and allow water to escape freely. 
  • Stockpile emergency protective materials and equipment, such as shop vacs, sandbags, and items that can be used to soak up and/or block water and save your belongings.
  • Raise your water heater, electric panel, and all heating and cooling systems if there is a chance they may be affected by rising water levels. 
  • Make your building watertight by using waterproof membranes and backflow valves.
  • Modify uninhabited areas of your home to let floodwaters enter and exit.

Be aware of the hazards you face and do what you can to protect yourself. Make a disaster plan with your family and loved ones, and assemble an emergency supply kit to have on hand. Talk about designated shelters with everyone in the household so that they know the best locations and sources for emergency information should the worst happen. 

Here at SERVPRO of North Nashville, we care about all the things you care about: the safety and well being of your family and loved ones, and your property. If you sustain fire damage or water damage, remember that we maintain the equipment and skills necessary to get you back to normal after any kind of disaster, no matter the size. We handle mold and mildew, too! We can make sure your home is Certified: SERVPRO Cleaned.

How To Prepare Your Business For Storm Damage

8/18/2020 (Permalink)

Heavy weather and storms can happen any time of year, but here in Middle Tennessee the summers can be especially challenging. Storms and all the water they create can be devastating to a commercial building and can cause damage that can take a significant amount of time and expense to repair. There are several steps you can take to prepare your North Nashville business ahead of storm season, and taking such preventive measures will reduce the amount of damage your business may experience. 

  • Well-maintained gutter systems will divert excess water to proper drainage areas. If your gutters are clogged with dead leaves and debris, rainwater can overflow and saturate the ground around the foundations causing damage there, while backed-up water can spill into wall structures, so a regular cleaning schedule for your gutters is going to be vital in preparing your business for storm damage. Keep in mind, too, that a mold colony can get established quickly and is impossible to eradicate completely, so removing issues that encourage damp conditions will stop this from happening. 
  • Storm drains need to be maintained properly, as well. These are in place to alleviate excess water from accumulating around buildings and parking areas. Your local government is often responsible for this but keeping an eye on them around your property will allow you to be able to report a problem right away and to be ready for storm waters. 
  • Have an emergency response plan in place for your employees. In the event of flooding or other storm damage, a system that allows you to communicate with your staff will help to keep people safe. No one should be driving through flood waters, so be sure everyone is aware whether it is safe to return to your premises. Listening to weather updates is a good idea, and you’ll want to make sure you keep an emergency preparedness kit on site as another way to prepare your business for storm damage. 

Responding quickly to damage to your business will get you back to work right away. If you have experienced water damage from storms or fire damage, or if you have a mold issue, our SERVPRO of North Nashville team is ready to help. We are experts at large scale cleanup projects, and we can get your home or business Certified: SERVPRO Cleaned!

Protect Your Home From Summer Storms

6/29/2020 (Permalink)

A smart homeowner will take the steps necessary to be ready for any kind of inclement weather. Today, we here at SERVPRO of North Nashville would like to focus on some vulnerable areas of your home and share some tips that can help you protect your property from the damages that can happen during those Middle Tennessee summer storms:

Roofing Inspections. Inspect your roofing on a regular basis to help you identify issues like minor leaks or missing shingles. If you do find issues, make sure that you get them repaired as soon as possible, and definitely before summer storms hit the area. If your home does suffer storm damage, remember that SERVPRO of North Nashville is here to help you with your repair and cleanup.

Landscaping Upkeep. Heavy rain and high winds are expected during the storms of summer, and dead tree branches, unhealthy vegetation, and unstable trees can often cause serious damage when they are uprooted or broken off. Be sure to cut back your plants and trees properly, and dead or dying limbs and plants wherever necessary. 

Storm Windows. Investing in high-quality storm windows to prevent leaks and other storm damage is a smart idea that will help you protect your home from summer storms. In addition to adding another layer of protection to your home, they are also energy-efficient, so you will enjoy savings in your energy costs over the coming years. 

Driveway/Entranceway. Your driveway and your entrance need to be in good repair ahead of inclement weather. Replace buckling concrete and other hazards before large amounts of water produce an even bigger issue, to help avoid accidents and injuries to anyone entering or leaving your home.

Basement. Basements are a place in your home where leaks will show up and often go unnoticed, so doing an inspection both before and after wet weather will help you spot a problem and allow you to fix it, readying your property before a summer storm.

If you need some more information on how to prevent storm damage to your home, contact us here at SERVPRO of North Nashville. We specialize in cleanup from water and fire damage, no matter the size, and we’re mold remediation specialists. Visit us online for a complete list of our services.

How Tree Removal Prevents Storm Damage

5/19/2020 (Permalink)

Do you live in an area where storm and bad weather conditions are frequent? Is your house situated next to trees and you are concerned about the safety of your home? You might want to consider removing any trees near your house that could be capable of damaging your home. Falling trees and limbs cause millions of dollars in destruction each year damaging homes, cars, and downing power lines. Take proactive measures by inspecting the surrounding trees regularly and remove them if necessary. Any trees that show hazardous signs of weakness need to be removed before storm season or they could topple. 

Signs to look out for include:

  • Unsafe proximity to power lines or your home
  • Deep hollows or holes
  • A large number of dead branches, especially if the branches are large in diameter
  • Cracks in the trunk of the tree, especially vertical cracks
  • Decay affecting more than half of the tree
  • Prevalent trunk rot, mushrooms, or other fungi
  • Leaning trunks, especially if the leaning trunk has exposed roots on one side

Not all trees grow the same, some are more prone to storm damage than others. For example, a tree with shallow roots growing in soft soil could easily fall over onto your property with the aid of strong winds. It is also possible for trees to grow roots strong enough to damage the foundation of a house, create cracks in the sidewalks, or plug up septic systems. The most common types of storm damage include:

  • Branch failure, where branches break away from the tree trunk, falling to the ground or getting trapped in foliage.
  • Blow-over, where the tree heavily leans to one side and/or topples over completely.
  • Root failure, where the roots are not able to anchor into the soil correctly, this can contribute to a blow-over.
  • Crown twist, where there is pressure on an asymmetrical treetop that causes branches to split or warp.

You might also want to consider pruning these trees, which can prevent many problems. Quick removal of damaged, diseased, or dead plant parts helps limit the spread of harmful disease and insects, and can reduce the chance of future storm damage. However, over-pruning can weaken a tree significantly.

There are some instances where removal of a tree is absolutely necessary, especially when the tree lacks any structural integrity or there is a decline in health. Remove any trees around your property when it has major decay or significant damage from a past storm, failure to remove the tree can prove a dangerous threat to your family and home. If you failed to remove a tree before it fell over and damaged your property, do not worry! You can call SERVPRO of North Nashville for any storm damage needs. We’re faster to any disaster, highly trained storm damage specialists, and we have the resources to handle storms and disasters. We are always happy to help!

How to Manage Storm Damage Before Professional Help Arrives

4/7/2020 (Permalink)

If your home was recently hit by a severe storm, it is of the utmost importance that you keep you and your family safe until proper help arrives. You could be dealing with wind, water, or storm damage caused by a multitude of different factors. Here are some tips you can follow if you are not in immediate danger and if the damage that was caused is manageable.

Practicing Precaution:

  • Do not enter your home or the building until a professional has cleared it if you believe that it has been structurally damaged or if there is flood risk remains. For the time being, find somewhere else to take shelter and do not go outside until it is safe enough to do so. Do not drive unless it is absolutely necessary. Pay attention to the radio for advisories.
  • Do not go anywhere near downed power lines or any standing water or metal objects near these downed wires. Stay away from damaged trees, and do not swim in floodwaters.
  • Avoid using open flames, especially indoors. Keep a fire extinguisher handy.
  • Once the worst has passed, assess any and all damage that your home or building has received. Inspect every part of your home for possible destruction, from missing shingles to bent exhaust pipes.

Cleaning Up Your Home:

  • Do not climb onto your roof unless the building has been deemed structurally sound, and still practice precaution when climbing and working at tall heights.
  • If using a chainsaw to cut trees or branches, be careful where you are cutting them down to ensure they do not cause any more damage when they fall.
  • Remove any wet material, such as rugs or carpets, and properly dry them out to prevent mold from growing and doing more harm to your house. Dry your home by opening any and all windows and doors, it is also beneficial to have fans running.
  • If it is more serious flooding, you are at risk for mold within the first 24 hours of a flood, so it is vital to remove the water as soon as possible and start remediation. Flooding poses a risk to drywall, support beams, and foundations. Flood water also contains dangerous contaminants and sewage and must be avoided.
  • Keep track of everything that was destroyed or damaged in the storm by documenting it through photos or videos along with putting together a list of broken items. You will need this list for insurance purposes.

Even if you want to take a proactive part in restoring your house after a storm, it is better to be safe and contact a restoration company like SERVPRO of North Nashville as soon as possible. The sooner you call us, the higher chance your house can be properly restored after a strong storm. Here at SERVPRO, we only wish for your safety and we would not want you to endanger yourself trying to clean it all up without professional help. We are professionals with years of experience and we are more than happy to help with any and all storm damage.

Flood Damage Prevention Tips for Your Business

2/25/2020 (Permalink)

Water damage can cause very serious issues to your business, whether it’s weakening the foundation of your business and causing structural damage or becoming a place where mold can fester. Excess water easily creates mold and mildew in the right environment, which may cause health effects very quickly. Here are some tips you can take to ensure that you and your business are prepared in case flooding occurs.

  • Flood Prevention
    • Keep your gutters clean
      • Make sure there is good drainage surrounding your business. You do not want rainwater traveling anywhere near the base of your establishment. By keeping the gutters clean, it ensures that they will not overflow and cause the water to go where it should not be.
      • It is possible to clean gutters on your own, but if needed, call a professional.
    • If possible, the yard or area surrounding the building should be sloped downwards to avoid having water flow to the base of the building and collecting, where it can cause cracks in the foundation.
    • Have your downspouts directed 5-10 feet away from the business to make certain the water is far away enough from the building to not cause damage.
  • Fix all water leaks
    • Check for any leaks within or around your business, whether it be pipes or appliances. Even if you see drips or any dark spots under pipes, be sure to fix those as well. It is important to identify any leaks before they develop into a serious issue.
    • As previously mentioned, excess water can lead to dangerous problems like black mold or even termites, and leaks are just one this can happen.
    • Keep pipes insulated and have the internal temperature of the building regulated to prevent the pipes from freezing. Frozen pipes can crack and then lead to leakage.
  • Replace roof shingles that are missing
    • It is recommended that you inspect your roof at least once a year for leaks or missing shingles. Damaged shingles need to be replaced as well, and repair any cracked caulking.
    • Snow buildup can cause structural damage and weaken your roof, clean your roof when there is snow or ice buildup to prevent this.

If serious flooding occurs, be sure to evacuate everyone from the building as quickly and safely as possible to higher ground and call the necessary authorities. Anything minimal can be cleaned up by a restoration company, like us, here at SERVPRO of North Nashville. If your business suffers from water damage even after following these steps, do not hesitate to call us! We are professionals at water damage restoration and mold remediation!

Preparing Your Business for Winter Storms

2/4/2020 (Permalink)

Winter weather is upon us. Are you taking the right precautions for your business to be prepared this winter season? Make sure winter storms don’t take you and your business by surprise by following these simple tips:

  • Stay alert for storms by monitoring your local weather channel. Know your weather terminology and listen for these three terms:
  • Winter Storm Watch: Severe winter conditions, such as heavy snow and/or ice, are possible in the next 12 to 36 hours. Prepare now. 
  • Winter Storm Warning: Severe winter conditions are expected in the next 12-24 hours; 4-6 inches of snow or sleet, or 1/4 inch or more of ice is expected. Seek shelter. 
  • Blizzard Warning: Snow and strong winds (gusts up to 35 mph or greater) can produce a blinding snow (near zero visibility), deep drifts, and a life-threatening wind chill that is expected to occur for three hours or longer.
  • Stay prepared by having a stockpile of emergency resources. These may include flashlights, first aid kits, battery-operated radios, water, blankets, food, extra toiletries, cell phone chargers, and food just in case the storms get severe. 
  • Invest in a backup electric generator. It is also beneficial to have sandbags, road salt or ice melt, and shovels. Keep any walkways and driveways clear of snow, and salt the sidewalks to prevent mishaps.
  • In severe winter weather, establish space on your property for sheltering. There should be room for all persons currently on your property, such as employees, customers, and so forth.
  • Have a contingency plan. Be prepared for power outages, and determine essential equipment that would require the use of a generator.
  • Stay warm indoors and have a backup heating source. But guarantee that the room you are heating is well-ventilated to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning. Use battery-powered smoke and carbon monoxide detectors.
  • Once the storm has passed, assess any possible damage to your business. Make sure that there is no damage that could possibly hurt customers or employees.

Stay safe and warm this winter season. If the weather is unfavorable, it is ideal to stay indoors until the storm passes. After the snow melts, make sure your business stays mold and water free as mold grows easily when there are high levels of moisture. If you encounter any mold damage or water damage to your business after the weather clears, contact us, SERVPRO of North Nashville, so that we can take care of it for you.

Storm Damage in Nashville

2/1/2019 (Permalink)

It can be deceptive to how much damage water really does.

When you have suffered any flood damage in  Nashville, whether it was from backups in the basement sewer or from a large-scale disaster from a major storm, you’ll need certified technicians who know how to handle best flood damage, especially storm related. The last thing you want to have to do is search for a flood cleanup company that is reliable after you are dealing with a flood. Knowing who to call beforehand is important and will make things move much faster in the event of a problem. 

It can be deceptive to how much damage water really does. It will penetrate structural cavities, making pockets of trapped saturation. Finding water in these areas can many times only be discovered with moisture meters. Moisture which goes undetected will keep causing damage, and this damage at a minimum will result in unpleasant odors. Even more, the damage will surface when materials shrink, delaminate and split, further deteriorating to where you will need very costly repairs. Plus, dangerous bacteria and mold can grow, causing very serious health problems for you and the members of your family.

What You Can Expect: 
Once you call a professional water damage cleanup service like SERVPRO, we will first come and remove all the water in your residence with tools such as vacuums. The professional equipment that we use will allow the company to get all the water out of your home without creating a larger mess while doing so. Large air movers can also be used to finish getting rid of the water and dry out the rooms in your home. The primary goal is to dry your home out as fast as possible to prevent further secondary water damage

Once the water is visibly dried up, SERVPRO will go through with water meters so we can assess the damage. This will make spotting the source of any other water or moisture much easier, and once we’ve conducted any work which needs to be performed, we’ll take another reading to make sure your home is completely dry and back to its normal state. We also use thermal foggers, ozone machines, and air scrubbers as needed to ensure that all odors have eliminated and all debris as well. Sanitizing the affected areas after a groundwater flooding is critical to remove any pathogens or other harmful agents

Not all companies are the same, that is why if you do have any Nashville water damage, you will want to contact the professional services of SERVPRO of Northwest Davidson County right away. We can be reached anytime of the day or night and any day of the week by calling 615.876.9551.  We arrive at your residence promptly night or day since we are available 24/7 and are Faster To Any Size Disaster.